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USAID Mission in Pakistan, Strategic Analysis Support Services.   EDC provided programme-development and logistics support to enable USAID to develop strategy options in the Economic Growth and Democracy and Governance sectors.  November-December 2002.

 

Review of the NGO Resource Centre (NGORC) of the Aga Khan Foundation Pakistan.   Carried out a comprehensive strategic and management review of NGORC as an input into its next five-year strategy.  Documented and analyzed the services provided by NGORC to the citizen sector in through its programmes for training, management consulting, research, information and communication.  Assessed the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability of these services, and the strengths and weaknesses of the governance and management structure of NGORC.  Provided recommendations for enhancing the impact of NGORC on the citizen sector and the value it adds to the Aga Khan Development Network.  October-November 2002.

 

Discussion Paper on the Independent Evaluation Function.  An EDC consultant prepared a discussion paper on a proposal for establishing an evaluation office that is independent of management and reports to the Board, for consideration at the Sixth IFAD Replenishment.  Conducted interviews with the evaluation offices of 11 UN agencies and IFIs, reviewed the OECD/DAC principles for evaluation and their progress, and examined the specific features of IFAD.  July-September 2002.

 

Study of Best Practices in Human and Institutional Development assisted by the Civil Society HID Programme (CHIP) (formerly the Swiss NGO Programme Office).  Visited and reviewed 25 NGOs and CBOs supported by CHIP, in three provinces, in order to identify the best examples of human and institutional development (HID), and their impact on the state and society.  Prepared two-volume report containing case studies and analysis of the best processes employed in support of HID, NRM, non-formal education, human rights, low-cost training centres and small enterprise promotion.  April-September 2002.

 

Essential Institutional Reforms Operationalization Programme (EIROP), Government of NWFP.   Facilitated and prepared reports on the workshop on “Reflections on the Local Government Ordinance, 2001” covering district and tehsil level implementation issues of administrative, financial, institutional and legal nature.  Prepared actionable summaries for the Governor and Ministers concerned.  May-June 2002.

 

IUCN Pakistan.   Prepared the highly acclaimed National Progression Report for the World Summit on Sustainable Development, based on nine consultative workshops and review of recent status reports and strategies.  April-June 2002.

 

UNDP Pakistan, Case Studies of Six Local Initiatives assisted by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and Local Initiative Facility for Urban Environment (LIFE).  Two of the cases are pioneering urban initiatives, namely, the Lodhran Pilot Project for sanitation and the Islamabad project for up-gradation and rehabilitation of squatter settlements.  The other four reports are on pioneering green projects, namely, the internationally acclaimed Torghar project for the protection of the Suleiman markhor, a successful initiative for disseminating fuel efficient stoves in the Changa Manga forest area, an unsuccessful attempt at marketing eucalyptus trees commercially, and a community-based eco-tourism project revolving around the Indus dolphin in Taunsa.  September 2001-September 2002. 

 

Review of the New Approach to Evaluation.  Reviewed the process and outputs of 16 project and country evaluations and studies initiated under IFAD’s New Approach to Evaluation.  Reviewed evaluation methodologies employed by the World Bank, OECD and others, and proposed changes in IFAD’s methodology for consideration by the Office of Evaluation. May 2001-March 2002 (three missions). 

 

Sri Lanka Country Programme Evaluation. Assisted the Evaluation Office in preparing approach, methodology and Terms of Reference for six-person evaluation of 20 years of IFAD-Sri Lanka co-operation through 10 projects in various sectors.  Provide Team Leader and two other evaluators, conducted extensive field work and report writing and identified main issues for final stakeholder workshop.  Interacted with senior IFAD and Government officers, including Ministers, to prepare for a more focused approached to poverty alleviation and decentralization in future IFAD strategy and projects. March-August 2001 (five missions).

 

WOMANKIND Worldwide, UK, Organizational Review of Four NGOs in Lahore and Islamabad. Undertook an organizational review of four NGOs: Aurat Publication and Information Services Foundation (APISF), Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPAP), Working Women Organization (WWO) and Islamabad Women’s Welfare Agency (IWWA), for possible expansion of the WOMANKIND South Asia Programme. September-October 2001.

 

National Human Development Report – Pakistan, UNDP, Islamabad.  Provided research assistance to Senior Researcher and National Coordinator on the poverty alleviation potential, cost-effectiveness, management practices, sustainability and coverage of the micro finance operations of six major NGOs and two CBOs operating in urban and rural areas of Pakistan.  July-August 2001.

 

Evaluation of the Second Phase of the Oxfam Drought Relief Programme in Balochistan (Chagai district).  An external evaluation of a project for the drought affectees in Balochistan funded by the European Community and DFID and implemented by Oxfam.  Obtained information from field survey and conducted analysis of project activities and management in terms of their efficiency, effectiveness, impact and relevance.  June 2001.

 

Farm Household Income and Expenditure Survey, AKRSP, Gilgit. Provided advice to the AKRSP Policy and Research Unit on improving the conceptual design and administration of the fourth round of the longitudinal Farm Household Income and Expenditure Survey.  June 2001.

 

Design of the Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation System, Management Information System, and Process Systematization.  As part of a formulation mission, an EDC consultant designed the Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation System, and Management Information System, for the Western Upland Development Programme, Nepal.  March-April 2001.

 

Leadership for Environment and Development (LEAD), International Training Session (ITS 2001).  Developed and presented a one-day skills module on “Sustainable Community Development” for young managers from 35 countries. The module consisted of discussion on the challenges of governance at community level and identification of constraints and imperatives, role playing exercise and the presentation of two case studies.  February 2001.

 

Carnegie Foundation and GEF.  Assessing the investment requirements for the water sector in South Asia including water requirements for food production and domestic supply.  January-May 2001.

 

National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Assisted the Chairman/ Minister incharge in the formulation of a transition plan for the new system of local government by elaborating processes for change management and proposing a two-year nation-wide capacity building initiative.  January-March 2001.

 

Ministry for Women’s Development, National Report on NPA implementation under Gender Equality Umbrella Project (GEUP) PAK/99/005.  This assignment followed-up the review processes of the Ministry for Women’s Development, Special Education and Social Welfare (MoWD), including the national NGOs’ Review Report, for a status report on the NPA (National Plan of Action) implementation.  Led to a consolidated review of NPA implementation, existing gaps and a comprehensive National Report which combines an accurate quantitative situation analysis with critical review of the entire range of Government activity on gender issues during the last five years to provide benchmarks and a framework for post -Beijing +5 action and facilitate the work of the new National Commission on Status of Women.  December 2000-June 2001.

 

OXFAM Pakistan, Evaluation of the Drought Relief Programme for the Population of Sindh and Balochistan.  Main objective of the assignment was to determine as systematically and objectively as possible the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and impact of activities for an external evaluation of food and fodder distribution and other emergency relief activities for the drought effected areas funded by the European Community and DFID and implemented by Oxfam and its partner NGOs.  December 2000-January 2001.

 

ActionAid Pakistan, Management and Financial Audits.  The purpose of the assignment was to assess whether the project has been executed in accordance to its objectives, plans and outputs.  The team also assessed empowerment and capacity building of the communities of Bahawalnagar and Haripur in line with ActionAid’s advocacy work towards changing attitudes of the communities to take control of their lives.  The complete process included management and financial audit of the two Development Areas.  November-December 2000.

 

Mid-term Evaluation of the Agriculture Resource Management Project in the Karak and Tefila Governorates of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.  An EDC consultant evaluated the women’s programmes, community participation aspects and socio-economic impacts of the multi-year project.  September-October 2000.

 

The Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), Situation Analysis of Banking and Micro Finance.  The study was carried out for the Kyrgyz Republic; the Gharm Region and Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast of eastern Tajikistan; the Badakhshan Province of Afghanistan and the northern areas and the northern segment of Chitral District in Pakistan.  Included analysis of banking and micro-finance conditions, constraints, needs, and opportunities, including the legal framework. July-September 2000.

 

Ghazi Barotha Taraqiati Idara (GBTI), Collective Management Case Studies. Case studies were carried out in two selected villages of district Attock to document the collective management aspects of a drinking water supply scheme (DWSS) in one village, and male and female credit co-operatives functioning in another village.  EDC team conducted cost benefit analysis of the DWSS and prepared enterprise models of the credit beneficiaries.  July-September 2000.

 

National Rural Support Programme (NRSP), Documenting and Strengthening Community Initiatives.  A series of workshops were held with participants from three Rural Support Programmes operating in Pakistan.  The workshops were designed to equip the participants for writing effective case studies and individual profiles and introduction to software packages for conducting cost benefit analysis and evaluation techniques for large and small scale projects. July-August 2000.

 

The World Bank, Punjab Middle Schooling Project. Jointly financed by IDA and Government of Pakistan, commissioned by the World Bank, it involved evaluation and survey of 160 schools in 25 districts of Punjab.  The study aimed to assess the impact of the project on improving the quality of and access to education at the middle school level and ascertain the extent to which the project objectives had been met. May-July 2000.   

 

Nestlč S.A., Pakistan Infant Nutrition Operational Study. A three-person team analyzed company policies, procedures and practices and conducted a four-city survey of Nestle Milkpak marketing and sales operations aimed at examining and improving compliance with the WHO/UNICEF International Code for the Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes.  The team leader also participated in international presentation of findings in London and Geneva.  March-May 2000.

 

Planning Commission, Royal Government of Bhutan.  Reviewed the decentralization initiatives of the Government and donors, clarifying differences in the roles of administrative, commercial, representative and participatory institutions.  Recommended measures for deepening the decentralization process, giving it systematic high-level guidance across the ministries, and institutionalizing new roles and responsibilities.  February 2000. 

 

Global Water Partnership-UNESCO-IRC-UNIFEM. Undertook a mapping exercise of the issues, constraints and opportunities in the water sector in South Asia and reviewed the vision and framework of action documents of South Asia from a gender perspective.  June 1999-February 2001.  

 

World Food Programme, Natural Resource Management Programmes in NWFP and Balochistan.  Undertook a detailed evaluation of the forestry, watershed and rangeland development programmes of WFP with a special focus on institutional aspects of the Village Development Committees and Women’s Organizations, Gender Equity and Poverty.  December 1999-April 2000.

 

World Food Programme, Enabling Development in South Asia: The Case for Food Aid. EDC participated as principal author for the Pakistan chapter on Food security Issues of the above book.  December 1999-March 2000.

 

UNDP-World Bank, Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme. Commissioned to undertake a review of the water sector for India, Bangladesh and Pakistan.  November 1999.

 

The World Bank, Local Level Institutions’ Study.  Analyzed local level institutions including local government, local initiatives of senior governments, voluntary organizations, informal urban and rural institutions, and co-ordination mechanisms.  Assisted the Bank in formulating initiatives for viable local institutions in irrigation, education and urban development projects.  September 1999-July 2000.

 

Global Water Partnership.  Assisted the Chairman SASTAC for the preparation of a regional mapping exercise and on gender issues for all countries in the South Asia Region.  July 1999.

 

Pakistan Water Partnership.  Pakistan’s vision for the water sector for the 21st century through an extensive process of consultations at the national level with all key stakeholders.  April-August 1999.

 

Asian Development Bank, TA No. 2937-PAK: Pakistan Rural Micro-finance Project. (sub-contracted by Bannock Consulting Limited). EDC provided services of Rural Sociologist. The objectives of the TA were to prepare a rural micro-finance project, aimed at reducing rural poverty by improving the Poor’s access to micro-financial services, suitable for bank financing and to strengthen PPAFC.  May-July 1999.

 

South Asia Poverty Alleviation Programme (sub-contracted by UNOPS).  EDC was responsible for recommended a methodology for the policy component and possibilities for up-scaling the Bangladesh component of SAPAP.  April-June 1999.

 

Aga Khan Foundation (AKF), Project Design for Women’s Economic Empowerment for the Social Institutions Development Programme.  Implemented by the Aga Khan Foundation for the preparation of a programme of activities promoting women’s economic empowerment.  February-March 1999.

 

UNDP Nepal (sub-contracted by UNOPS).  Formulated concept and operational strategies for establishing the Nepal Poverty Alleviation Fund.  Obtained agreement of stakeholders—UNDP, Government and NGOs—for establishing the Fund.  January-April 1999. 

 

Pakistan Water Partnership, International Water Management Institute, Lahore. Preparation of Pakistan’s vision for the water sector for the 21st century through an extensive process of consultations at the national level with all key stakeholders.  April-August 1999.

 

UNICEF, Islamabad, Evaluation of the GOP/UNICEF Water and Environmental Sanitation Programme (WES) 1992-98. Evaluation of UNICEF (WES) Schemes in Punjab, Balochistan, NWFP, Sindh, NA and AJK.  EDC highlighted the assessment of the achievements and constraints of past activities against the background of the national situation and successfully identified activities having the potential to contribute significantly towards the goal of universal access to safe water supply and improvements in environmental hygiene.  A nation wide survey was conducted to assess the physical status of the facilities established by GOP and UNICEF.  EDC made recommendations and developed a strategy for UNICEF’s future role in water and sanitation. December 1998-June 1999.

 

DFID.  EDC provided an Institutional and Social Development Expert for the appraisal of Kashf, an NGO dealing with micro-finance for poor women in Punjab.  November-December 1998.

 

UNDP Myanmar, Human Development Initiative: Change Management Initiative (nine missions). Contributed a four-person team in pursuit of a plan agreed with the client to transform UNDP Myanmar from an administering office into a coordinating unit for multi-agency planning and implementation, with specific reference to ten ongoing projects being executed by FAO, UNCHS, WHO, UNESCO, UNOPS and three NGOs. Conducted operations analysis down to the field level in diverse agro-ecological zones, revision of operational policies and procedures for community participation and inter-agency co-ordination, revision of job descriptions, and training of project staff and beneficiaries.  The main output was an operational manual consistent with the ISO 10013 international guidelines for quality manuals.  October 1998-February 2000. 

 

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Islamabad. Provided update on the poverty situation in Pakistan and assessment of the poverty orientation of all SDC projects and programmes in Pakistan.  December 1998-January 1999.

 

Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund.  Preparation of appraisal criteria, forms and guidelines for NGOs applying for micro-finance to the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund.  October-November 1998.

 

Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund.  Developed an operational policies manual for the Fund.  The manual includes articulation of the vision, mission, objectives and structure of the PPAF, and a complete set of policies and outline of procedures for all aspects of the work of PPAF, including micro-credit/micro-enterprise, community infrastructure and capacity building of PPAF, its partner NGOs and the beneficiaries. The policies and procedures cover the entire project cycle of the PPAF, and the preparation of the manual was a condition for the World Bank appraisal of the $100 million Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund Project.  September-November 1998.

 

DFID.  Scoping Mission for a Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Programme in Pakistan.  September-October 1998.

 

UNDP Regional Governance Facility for Asia-Pacific (RAS/96/092) and UNDP Myanmar.  Advised senior management and National Officers on assessing the Human Development Initiative in Myanmar, with particular reference to the policies, procedures, structures and training required to increase community participation and the co-ordination of 10 projects being implemented by UN Executing Agencies under one programme framework.  Designed and conducted two-week training programme in Pakistan for seven National Officers of UNDP Country Office.  May-July 1998.

 

NORAD, Review of the Department of Environmental Planning and Management, University of Peshawar.  Review of phase 1 and recommendations for phase 2 of NORAD assistance aimed at teaching, research, curriculum development, international co-operation and institution building.  March 1998.