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  2007-10 2003-06 1998-02 1993-97 1988-92

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UNDP, Situational Analysis of Women’s Credit Needs in Rawalpindi and Karachi. A study that included an analysis of situation of women with respect to access to credit in Pakistan and outlined recommendations for improved access and impact of credit and enterprise development programmes for women.  September-November 1997.


Sarhad Rural Support Corporation (SRSC), Preparation of a Five-year Funding Proposal for Seven Districts.  Multi-sectoral participatory initiative for Kohat, Karak, Charsadda, Bannu, Lakki, Tank and Dera Ismail Khan Districts.  September-October 1997.


In collaboration with Hagler Bailley for Alternative Energy Development under the ALGAS Project.  A study on the identification of greenhouse gas emissions and identification of mitigation options for Pakistan. July 1996-July 1997.


UNDP, Trial District Management Project. Developed policy recommendations for effective governance mechanisms for pilot districts in Balochistan.  The project developed mechanisms for the Government of Balochistan to test new partnerships between public interest stakeholders at the district level.  February-August 1997.


UNDP, NGO Capacity Building Programme. A pre-proposal project designing exercise to elicit opinions of major stakeholders in the NGO sector to propose and design a major national effort for NGO capacity building in Pakistan implemented for five years.  February 1997.


Asian Development Bank (ADB), Malakand Rural Development Project (MRDP) TA No. 2604-PAK.  Organized and led a team of 27 international and domestic consultants and support staff in completing the feasibility and design of a seven-year, community-based, multi-sectoral project (estimated cost $120 million), and covering community mobilization, women’s development, credit, agriculture, horticulture, livestock, forestry, community-managed infrastructure, community health, female education and rural access roads in four districts of NWFP.  November 1996-July 1997.


UNDP Pakistan.  Study of successful experiences of Government/Donor/NGO Collaboration for discussion with the Local Dialogue Group for recommendations to the Paris Consortium.  November 1996.


The World Bank-Government of Balochistan, Balochistan Natural Resource Management Project (BNRMP).  EDC was the lead firm in a three-firm consortium including two overseas firms.  Dealt with three main components: institutional strengthening of the Balochistan EPA, policy proposals for the Planning and Development Department, and implementation and monitoring of the programmes of the Forest Department.  August 1996-October 2000.


Government of NWFP, Pakistan, Community Infrastructure Project (CIP). The objective of the project was to improve the basic environmental conditions with direct involvement of community in planning, implementation, operations and maintenance of infrastructure.  EDC provided services in the areas of team management, community development, financial procedures and institutional strengthening in association with OPCV, ACC and AID.  54 person-months.  September 1995-July 1998.


JICA/Nippon Koei, Study on the Lining of Distributaries and Minors in Punjab.  Designed a farmer organization to take over the functions of the Provincial Irrigation Department at the distributory level of an irrigation system in Punjab.  June 1996.


Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA), Farm Survey. Data Analysis, Socio-economic Analysis of 1,020 farm households.  May-July 1996.


Dutch IMPLAN Project, Balochistan Horticultural Sector Study.  The objective of this study was to develop a document, which could help the provincial government to formulate a comprehensive policy for the development of this sector.  April-June 1996.


IUCN/IIED London, Policy That Works for Forests and People. This study was a Pakistan Country Paper that reviewed forest policies and their processes from the standpoint of various stakeholders in an effort to identify and explore policies that have apparently succeeded.  Assisted the principle coordinator in all aspects of preparation of this country study including data review, preparation of project briefs, preparation of terms of reference for key authors, assisting in analysis and write-up of these chapters, soliciting commentaries on these chapters, holding of national and provincial workshops, and assisting in the final compilation and editing of the report.  March-December 1996.


The World Bank, Pakistan, Second SCARP Transition Project-Supervision Mission. Reviewed the agricultural and socio-economic aspects of the project and supervised all aspects of project implementation.  Formulated appropriate performance indicators for assessing the project‘s performance and impact.  February 1996.


Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA).  Development Study on Vocational and Technical Training in Pakistan. February-March 1996.


International Water-logging and Salinity Research Institute (IWASRI), Lahore.  EDC recommended the socio-economic and institutional imperatives for strengthening the National Research Agenda for Drainage.  A major part of the assignment was a review of existing drainage proposals, including but not limited to, the National Drainage Programme to be implemented.  December 1995-March 1996.


GTZ-SES (Second Phase), Skills for Employment and Self-employment (SES).  Project Design for Vocational Training in NWFP.  December 1995-March 1996.


GTZ, Environmental and Social Soundness Analysis of the Khan Khwar Hydro Project.  A multi-sectoral team of experts ascertained the environmental impacts of setting-up of a small hydropower plant in the upper Swat valley.  December 1995-January 1996.


Overseas Development Institute (ODI) London, Study on Seed Regulatory Frameworks in Pakistan.  Covered regulations for seed certification, quality control and sale in Pakistan and also covered participatory and other alternative approaches to seed production & distribution in Pakistan.  November-December 1995.


Rapid Appraisal/Socio-economic Study of Diamer District, Northern Areas, Pakistan.  The study included investigation and secondary data collection on agricultural, livestock, and fisheries development in the area and analyzed existing socio-economic conditions and future development opportunities in the district.  November 1995-February 1996.


The World Bank, Project design of the Micronutrient Fortification Project for the Nutrition Cell, Ministry of Planning and Development, Government of Pakistan. Examined lessons in food fortification from industrial and NGO experience, and possibilities for World Bank support to Government and industry.  October 1995-March 1996.


SmithKline Beecham Pakistan, Pakistan’s Vaccines Requirements–Alternatives for Sourcing.  EDC was responsible for data collection, interviews, root cause and data analysis.  September-October 1995.


GTZ-SES, Skills for Employment and Self Employment (SES).  EDC carried out Institutional Review of Vocational Training Projects in NWFP.  September-October 1995.


Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), IDA Vocational Training Project, Pakistan (sub-contracted by ARA).  Supported the National Training Board through the development and operationalization of the Women’s Training and Employment Unit in Islamabad.  Assignment included training for instructors and other professional staff of the Women Technical and Training Centres (WTTCs) in Quetta and Peshawar; advice and assistance in implementing new training programmes at WTTCs; assistance in establishing advisory committees for WTTCs; and identifying and establishing critical linkages with the private and public sectors.  September-December 1995.


ADB-Assisted NWFP Barani Area Development Project (BADP). Reviewed approaches towards community organization and integrated development of three projects dealing with natural resources in NWFP.  Recommended and supervised the linkages between grassroots and government agencies.  September 1995-1999.


Post Preparation Mission.  This included review of the implementation arrangements for the proposed Northern Areas Community Resource Development Project, July-August 1995.


Planning and Development Division (P&D), Government of Pakistan, Participatory Development Programme (PDP).  Facilitated implementation of a monitoring regime and capacity building of the NGOs assisted by the Social Action Programme of the Planning and Development Ministry of the Government of Pakistan.  August 1996-October 1998.


Mekong River Commission Secretariat (MRCS), Bangkok, Strategy Formulation and Restructuring of MRCS.  EDC management consultants systematically developed consensus on strategy and structure from the senior staff level to the donors’ consultative group and the ministerial level and developed an agreed and implementable change management plan.  1995-1996.


Swiss Agency for Development Co-operation (SDC), Bangkok, Planning and Environment Missions to the Mekong River Commission Secretariat. Formulated proposal for SDC support to the MRC Secretariat in the areas of institution building and human resource development for 1996-1998.  Led two-person mission to develop proposals for Mekong catchment management strategy and a coordinated, programme-based approach in the area of environment (missions included Thailand and Viet Nam).  1995-1996.


Abbott Laboratories, An Environmental Survey of Abbott Laboratories Pakistan Ltd. (ALP) at Landhi, Karachi. Undertook an environmental survey of ALP Landhi in order to establish the content and volume of solid and effluent waste resulting from all stages of the production process.  Recommended appropriate treatment processes, which enabled the factory to discharge waste within the regulatory environmental framework, set out in the Government of Pakistan's National Environmental Quality Standards.  July-August 1995. 


KfW, Social-Cultural Appraisal of Allai Khwar Hydropower Project, Kohistan District. EDC provided a four-member team, which carried out a rapid appraisal describing the socio-economic and socio-cultural situation in the project area.  The team assessed the cultural and religious assets to be preserved partial or total loss of houses, land or infrastructure. May-June 1995.   


United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), Community Development Training Programme for the Afghanistan Rural Rehabilitation Programme.  EDC was responsible for overall supervision of the team members and compilation of the report. April 1995.


Small Hydel Development Organization/Sir William Halcrow, Environment and Social Soundness Analysis of the Matilitan Hydropower Project, Swat, NWFP.  A multi-sectoral team of experts ascertained the environmental impacts of setting up of a small hydropower project in the upper Swat valley. The team examined the effects of the project on the natural resource base, the local population and presented various mitigation strategies in the project design to minimize the negative environmental impact while also maintaining the economic feasibility of the initiative.  April 1995.


Multi-Donor Support Unit, World Bank, School Site Verification Survey. It included overall supervision of the team, compiling of the final report and analysis.  March-June 1995.


Asian Development Bank (ADB), NWFP Barani Area Development Project.  EDC provided Pakistani experts, which included project manager, and experts specializing in rainfed farming system, agriculture research, training and extension, livestock extension, range and fodder, design and management, community development, women in development, monitoring and evaluation, MIS, forestry, environment and horticulture.  138 person-months, March 1995-March 2000.


Agricultural Extension, Marketing and Agricultural Enterprise Development in the Second Barani Area Development Project.  Assignment included management, identification and strengthening of marketing linkages for small and micro-enterprises, linkages with line departments and institutional credit agencies, administration of a training programme, overall enterprise development.  March 1995-March 1996.


Kerditanstalt fur Wiederafbau (KfW), Germany, A special socio-economic study regarding land distribution and tenancy system in D.G. Khan was carried-out including crop gross margins for major crops and comparison of income of the landlord and tenants under the existing tenancy system.  February-April 1995.


ActionAid Pakistan, Income Generation for the Target Population in Kalinger Union Council, Haripur.  EDC identified, reviewed and analyzed income-generating activities in the project area of ActionAid.  February-May 1995.


The World Bank, Public Services and Rural Poverty-Towards an Action Plan for Charsadda District, NWFP.  The purpose of the study was to determine the extent of access the rural poor in Charsadda district and to provide services in the social and agriculture-related sectors by Government agencies, NGOs and the private sector.  It included comparisons with the access obtained by the non-poor.  The study recommended how, separately and in co-operation with each other, Government agencies, NGOs and local communities could remove the constraints on providing greater access to the rural poor, identifying clearly the forums and levels of authority at which decisions for changes will have to be made.  January-March 1995.


UNDP, New York, Macro Strategies for Alleviation of Poverty. EDC prepared a paper identifying the causes of poverty in Pakistan and recommended social, economic and political strategies for poverty alleviation.  Included country review of the impact of economic change and national policies on poverty alleviation and the poor, leading to possible UNDP-Pakistan co-operation through a South Asia regional poverty alleviation programme. January-July 1995.


Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA), Development Studies on Urban Water Supply and Sewage System, Industrial and Urban Pollution Control.  EDC prepared tentative terms of reference for initiation of development studies on the priority sectors for five cities of Pakistan through identification of existing development plans, development studies and present status of each project on these sectors.  January-February 1995.


Swiss Development Cooperation, (SDC), Joint Review Mission, LBOD, Sindh. Review of progress of the On-Farm Water Management component, problems and key issues during the World Bank Supervision Mission (September 25 - October 6, 1994) and Joint Review Mission of 1994.  Coordinated with other donors on water management and socio-economic evaluation components.  January 1995.


Government of Pakistan, Punjab, NWFP, Sindh, and Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Environmental Protection and Resource Conservation Project (EPRCP).  With simultaneous implementation in four provinces and Islamabad, EDC provided expertise in environmental engineering, environmental legislation, environmental impact assessment, environmental policy, diagnostic surveys, GIS, training, sociology, mass awareness, agricultural economics, extension and institutional strengthening in association with DHV and ERM.  1996-1999.


IBRD, Operations Evaluation Department, Farmers Beneficiary Survey, Punjab, NWFP and Sindh.  EDC consultants carried out a quantitative and qualitative survey in Punjab, NWFP and Sindh.  Recorded perception of the farmers regarding lining of watercourses to see the impact of the irrigation projects funded by the World Bank in Pakistan especially Irrigation System Rehabilitation Project, Command Water Management and On-farm Water Management I & II Projects.  20 person-months, December 1994-February 1995.


The World Bank, Impact Evaluation of ISRP, CWMP & OFWM I & II Farmer Surveys.  EDC carried out surveys in NWFP, Punjab and Sindh on irrigation water supply channels and watercourses (from population benefiting from the above four projects) by interviewing a sample of farmers.  November 1994-January 1995.


Government of Pakistan, Planning Division/National Steering Committee for the World Summit for Social Development (Contracted by UNDP). EDC worked closely with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, and Special Assistant to Prime Minister (Social Sectors), to draft the Pakistan Country Paper for the Social Summit covering various aspects of Pakistan’s economy and society with an express purpose of identifying themes promoting integration.  Also participated in the Third Prepcom.  November 1994-January 1995.


UNDP, Balanced Development Mission II. The project consisted of a series of papers prepared for UNDP in October 1994 to update the UNDP Balanced Development Report of 1991.  Specific papers for the Balanced Development Mission II were written by EDC on the following areas: economy, environment, health and population, water and sanitation, education and equity and institutions.  The UNDP Balanced Development Mission reviewed the sectoral briefing papers over which sectors specific workshops were held in October.  August-November 1994.


The World Bank, An Assessment of the Social Sector Delivery System for the Poor.  EDC assessed social sector’s delivery system for the poor.  Sectors examined were the primary education, health, and family planning.  Alternative delivery system was reviewed and a campaign of public sector system was undertaken with the profit and non-profit NGO sectors.  The main issues in all the three sectors were identified and researched for increasing the access of the poor.  May-June 1994.


The Aga Khan Education Services (AKES), Northern Region Education Planning Exercise.  EDC reviewed the education programme of the AKES.  The education planning exercise involved a comprehensive review of the policy programme and the implementation framework for all aspects of the sector including management structures, community participation approaches, quality and access to education, cost recovery, financial management and planning and collaboration with the government.  April-August 1994.


ADB/IFAD/UNDP/Government of Pakistan, Agricultural Extension, Marketing and Agricultural Enterprise Development Project.  This was designed to improve the living conditions and income opportunities of the people living in the rainfed areas of Punjab and reducing the growing emigration of population to urban areas.  EDC was involved in mobilizing the target group, women and landless poor through community based organizations and through special interest group, identifying markets for small scale enterprise, and developing awareness in the communities regarding the presence of various line agencies involved in the development of project area.  April 1994.


Asian Development Bank (ADB), NWFP Forestry Sector Project. EDC provided Pakistani experts in social forestry, community participation, training, agronomy, policy, institutions and law to work with international experts of DHV Consultants. Total 15 person-months plus socio-economic survey of 400 respondents.  March-July 1994.


USAID Irrigation Support Project for Asia and the Near-East (ISPAN). Studied the performance and the sustainability of water users associations in Asia and the Near East in association with DAI.  February-April 1994.


GTZ, Environment and Social Soundness Analysis of the two Hydropower sites at Batal Khawar and Summar Gah. EDC along with the consortium of internationally recognized firms carried out Environmental and Social Soundness Analysis (ESSA) at Batal Khawar in Upper Swat Valley and at Summar Gah in Indus Kohistan for setting-up of Hydropower Project.  16.0 person-months, January-June 1994.


The South Asia Division of the World Bank, Pakistan Agricultural Sector Study. Agronomy and Crop Production and Sources of Productivity.  Study on the time trends in crop production, acreage and yield: Analysis of crop yields and yields gap, non price factors and productivity differentials and prospects of high value crop production in Pakistan.  November 1993-January 1994.


The Asia Foundation, Islamabad, Preparation of Provincial Constituency Profiles for the NWFP.  Prepared an overview of the social and economic conditions in each constituency for the distribution to the members of each assembly.  Phases of the projects included: Extensive data collection/verification and preparation of 80 provincial and minority constituencies’ profiles with graphic displays.  November 1993-April 1994.


USAID, Islamabad, Institutional Excellence Project (IEP).  Supported the partners and expansion of the IEP concept as well as publication and organizing events which raised public, private and donor awareness of the benefits of a fee-for-service research linkages between universities and industry.  October 1993-February 1994.


Overseas Development Administration (ODA), Study of Social Safety Nets in Pakistan.  Examined the characteristics and causes of poverty; the formal and informal social safety nets in Pakistan; the effectiveness and efficiency of social safety nets; recommendations for practical ways of reducing poverty and attaining secure and sustainable improvement in living standards.  October-November 1993.


Aga Khan Foundation, Geneva, AKF Mission to Gorno-Badakhshan.  Reviewed the community organization, decision-making and the role of women in Gorno-Badakhshan in Tajikistan for recommendations to the Pamir Relief and Development Programme.  September-October 1993.


Aga Khan Rural Support Programme, Pakistan.   Assisted AKRSP senior management in developing strategy for the 1990s, and beyond, based on linking village organizations with public and private sector agencies.  September 1993-February 1994.


International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, Vietnam Land Use Working Group.  EDC provided assistance in the development of three-year research proposal and methodology.  August-December 1993 and February 1994.


USAID/Government of NWFP, Technical Assistance for Kala Dhaka Area Development Project (KDADP) and Gadoon Field Management team (GFMT).  EDC provided technical and administrative staff/skills for the extended period of Kala Dhaka and Gadoon Area Development Projects to promote greater community participation and assist USAID management in running these projects.  May-August 1993.


The Asia Foundation, Parliamentary Research Officers’ Training.  Long term training programme for the parliamentary research officers which included the six specific tasks: 1) basic skills workshop, 2) development of a training manual, 3) inter-institutional co-operation, 4) public policy seminars, 5) international training programme and 6) developing a long-term training perspective.  May-July 1993.


RES & Co., London, Re-structuring of Small Industries Development Board (SIDB), NWFP, Pakistan. EDC team worked jointly with RES & Co. of London on this GTZ-financed study to re-orient, re-structure and downsize SIDB, and strengthen mechanisms for supporting small industry.  June 1993-April 1994.


Pak-Swiss Agricultural Light Engineering Programme, Private Sector Potential for ALEP Central Workshop. Identified a financially sustainable, strategic role for the central workshop facility.  May-July 1993.


USAID/Futures Group, Pakistan WID Study. Studied the impact of USAID WID components on beneficiaries to determine the reasons behind their successes and failures.  Examined primary education, training, forestry and agriculture projects.  April-August 1993.


USAID, Irrigation Support Project for Asia and the Near-East. Pakistan country study of the environmental sustainability of urban-rural water resource development and management (Faisalabad District as a case study).  April-May 1993.


The Asia Foundation, Non Governmental Organizations Coordinating Council, Regional Community Based Delivery (CBD) Conferences.  Conducted regional conferences to disseminate the concept of Community Based Delivery in family planning to the local NGOs/CBOs (Community Based Organizations).  April-June 1993.


Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC)/Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), Pak-Swiss Potato Development Project. Development and follow-up of the training programmes under PSPDP.  April 1993-May 1994.


Durham University Business School, England. It was a research project into the role of small business membership organizations (SBMOS) in small enterprise development.  April-June 1993.


Asian Development Bank (ADB), NWFP Forestry Sector Project.  This project included preliminary social assessment of the project area and its likely beneficiaries with a view to identify social dimensions and gender issues to be studied and addressed in the project design; part of Bank's TA Preparation Mission.  April 1993-May 1993.


The World Bank, Pakistan, Social Action Programme (SAP)/ Azad Jammu and Kashmir-Operational Plan 1993-94. The Operational Plan summarized the principal implementation reforms carried out in the social sectors: education, health, rural water supply and population planning indicating the financial plan for each sector.  March 1993.


The World Bank, Pakistan, Social Action Programme (SAP)/ Balochistan-Operational Plan 1993-94. The Operational Plan summarized the principal implementation reforms carried out in the social sectors: education, health, rural water supply and population planning indicating the financial plan for each sector.  February-March 1993.


Asian Development Bank (ADB), Feasibility for the Pehur High Level Canal, NWFP. (Commissioned jointly by SDC and the PHLC Joint Venture Consultants). Socio-economic baseline analysis in the Project Area of PHLC. Conducted Rapid Rural Appraisal to assess: (i) the role of women, tenants and labourers; (ii) social and cultural dynamics and constraints in adopting irrigated agriculture; (iii) beneficiary participation; and (iv) the present level of poverty and unemployment.  January-May 1993.


Royal Netherlands Government, Environmental Profile of North-West Frontier Province (sub-contracted by DHV Consultants BV). Prepared a multi-disciplinary booklet with environmental information on North-West Frontier Province for use by planners and policy makers.  December 1992-October 1993.


United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), Women Impact Assessment of the Forestry Sub-Projects of the Income Generating Project for Refugee Areas (IGPRA).  Identified and assessed the economic, social and cultural effects of the forestry sub-projects of the IGPRA of Phase I and II and also assessed the expected impact of Phase III.   October 1992-January 1993.


USAID, Command Water Management Project.  Study to collect, tabulate, analyze and document data gathered as a result of introduction of improved irrigation management and agronomic practices.  September 1992-January 1993.


Small Projects Office (SPO), Design and Implementation of Development Planning and Management Workshops. Designed and implemented development planning and management workshops for representatives of the Community Based Organizations assisted by SPO.   September 1992-August 1993.